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  LINE OF CANCER  

The yellow line cutting through Vidisha Road, about 28 km from Bhopal. This is the Tropic of Cancer where the sun will be directly overhead at noon, marking summer solstice.

  HALALI DAM  

While driving from Bhopal to Sanchi, at a distance of approx 30 km, the road turns to left, leading you to Halali dam which has long been a family getaway. The naturally beckoning surroundings and the secluded location, makes Halai dam an ideal leisure destination.
Halali dam is known as Samrat Ashok Sagar Project. It is constructed across Halali river a tributary of Betwa river. It is 945 m long with maximum height of 29.57 m above the foundation level. Catchment area of the project is 699 sq. km of which is 25 % is hilly, rest is plains.

Water Sport Complex- Madhya Pradesh Tourism owns a water sports complex which provides water sports activities like boating.

     
  SANCHI STUPA  
Sanchi, located 9 km away from Vidisha, is a small village in Raisen District of Madhya Pradesh. Renowned as one of the important pilgrimages of Buddhists, Sanchi is the location of several Buddhist monuments. The monuments at Sanchi date back to the period between 3rd and 12th century. Built by Emperor Ashoka, the Stupas at Sanchi are the large hemispherical domes that comprise of a central chamber. Inside the central chambers of the stupas lie the relics of the Buddha.

These Stupas are designated as one of the heritage sites of the world by UNESCO. The Stupa is surrounded by toranas, each of which represents love, peace, trust and courage. Gateways of the Stupas are ornamented with the incidents from the life of the Buddha. The depictions also contained the sculptures from his previous incarnations as Bodhisattvas.
  UDAIGIRI CAVES  

The Udayagiri Caves are an early Hindu ritual site located near Vidisha. They were extensively carved and reworked under the command of Chandragupta II, Emperor of the Gupta Empire, in the late 4th and 5th century CE. One of India's most important archaeological sites from the Gupta period, it is currently a tourist site under the protection of the Archaeological Survey of India.

Udayagiri consists of a substantial U-shaped plateau immediately next to the River Bes. Located a short distance from the earthen ramparts of ancient Besnagar, Udayagiri is about 4 km from the modern town of Vidisha and about 8.5 km from the Buddhist site of Sanchi. Udayagiri is best known for a series of rock-cut sanctuaries and images excavated into hillside in the early years of the fifth century CE. The most artistic sculpture is the monumental figure of Viṣṇu in his incarnation as the boar-headed Varaha. The site has important inscriptions of the Gupta dynasty belonging to the reigns of Chandragupta II (c. 375-415) and Kumaragupta I (c. 415-55). In addition to these remains, Udayagiri has a series of rock-shelters and petroglyphs, ruined buildings, inscriptions, water systems, fortifications and habitation mounds, all of which have been only partially investigated.

Technically speaking, these are not actually caves. These are massive carved structures made during the Gupta period(4th-5th cent.). Most of these sculptures are dedicated to the Hindu God Vishnu and his different incarnations. The one above shows Vishnu in the form of a boar. Bhudevi (Goddess Earth) is seen on his shoulder.

The story goes that some Asura (demon) had immersed the earth underwater. The Yakshas (Demigods; the ones in red) pleaded Lord Vishnu to save the earth as it was being contaminated. This is why Vishnu assumed the form of a boar/pig to pull the earth out from the filth.

Stories apart, this place shows the skill of the artists who worked during the Gupta rule. The original colour of the above sculpture was red. it can still be seen in the RHS.

  KHAMB BABA # HELIODORUS PILLAR  

Located just four kilometres away from Vidisha. Khamba Baba, also known as Heliodorus Pillar, is a stone column, which was constructed in 110 BC. This stone column was erected by the Greek ambassador of the Indo-Greek King Antialcidas, who came to the court of Bhagabhadra, the Sunga king. Dedicated to Lord Vasudeva, this column was constructed in front of the temple of Vasudeva.


Surmounted by a sculpture of Garuda, this pillar bears two inscriptions, both of which are written in the Brahmi script. Out of the two inscriptions, the first describes the situation of Heliodorus. The description on this inscription also gives information about the relationship between Heliodorus, the Sunga kings and Indo-Greek kings.  

The second inscription on this pillar explains about the spiritual faith that was supported by Heliodorus. The records on these inscriptions contain the name of Antialcidas, which suggests that this pillar was erected around 140 BC. The associated tree shrines attest to even more ancient religious practices. A very evocative place.

  NEELKANTHESHWAR TEMPLE
Udayeshwara Temple, located in Udaipur village of the Basoda Tehsil, is one of the most prominent Hindu shrines in the region. The inscriptions found in this temple suggest that the Udaipur Town was founded by the Parmara King Udayaditya during the 11th century A.D.  Other inscriptions found at the temple suggest that Parmara King Udayaditya construed this temple and dedicated it to Lord Shiva.
  BHAIRAVNATH SCULPTURE  
Bhairavnath sculpture from Gyaraspur (dated to 9-10th century)  
  MALADEVI TEMPLE  
Maladevi Temple, located in the Gyaraspur tehsil of Vidisha district, is a sacred Hindu site. Situated on the slope of a hill, the temple overlooks the valley. Comprising of an entrance-porch and a hall, the sacred shrine is situated on a huge platform, cut out of the hillside. The  shrine is crowned by a Shikara, which is covered with rich carving. Surrounded by a circumambulatory passage, the temple hall is enshrined by Jain images and other decorative sculptures.
  BAJRAMATH TEMPLE  
Bajramath Temple is a rare temple located in Gyaraspur tehsil. This temple has three shrines or cells that are placed abreast. These shrines are enshrined by Jain idols that belong to the Digambara sect. The sculptures placed on the door frames and niches suggest that originally these shrines sheltered the Hindu Trinity.

Of all the three shrines, the central shrine was dedicated to Lord Surya. The southern shrine was dedicated to Lord Vishnu, while the northern shrine is dedicated to Lord Shiva.
  ATHKHAMBA # CHAUKHAMBA  

Athakhamba : Situated very near to the local bus stand, this shrine has only eight pillars left surviving. An inscription dated 982 AD, helps to put this temple to 9th century AD. The temple was constructed on a raised platform, facing east. This can be reached with a flight of steps on eastern side. The structure of the temple suggests that it had a mukh-mandapa, antarala and garbha-griha. The pillars of the temple are extremely well carved with pot-creeper motifs. These are carved with stepped-octagonal-facets. These have an intermediate capital having lion-like faces at the corners. Above this capital is a round honey-comb style pillar segment which support another capital to support the beams.

Chaukhamba : This monument, the four pillars, are within the Hindola Torana complex. This seems to be the mandapa of the temple, which entrance gate would have been Hindola Torana.

  HINDOLA TORANA  
Hindola Torana in Gyaraspur tehsil is one of the ornamental entrance arches. This arch leads to a temple either of Vishnu or of Trimurti. With its two upright pillars and cross-beam, this arch is rightly named Hindola, which means a swing. All the faces of the pillars are carved into panels, which comprise insets of the ten incarnations of Vishnu.
  SHALBHANJIKA SCULPTURE  

A rare sculpture has been found at Gyaraspur. It is an exquisite stone figure of a Vrishaka (wood nymph) belonging to a period between the 8th & 9th century A.D. and kept in the archaeological museum,Gwalior.It has been brought there from Gyaraspur. This matchless oriental beauty represents a SHALBHANJIKA.The sculptured figure stands in a tribhang posture formed by bending her beautiful body in triple tortion and triple flexion while her face is alive with an intense expression, rather an unusual and rare phenomenon.Some smaller figures in similar pose are depicted on the sides of the 'HINDOLA TORAN'.

She is also called as Indian Venus.

विदिशा जिले के ग्यारसपुर क्षेत्र से प्राप्त शाल भंजिका की प्रतिमा कई भागों में खंडित मिली थी। उसके हाथ-पैर अलग हैं। भले ही शाल भंजिका खंडित हो लेकिन फिर भी उसमें ऐसी विशेषताएं हैं, जिनके कारण दुनिया भर में उसकी ख्याति है और उसकी कीमत का कोई अनुमान नहीं है। सबसे पहली विशेषता तो यह है कि वह पत्थर की मूर्ति है फिर भी उसके चेहरे पर मुस्कुराहट का स्पष्ट भाव दिखाई देता है। दूसरा यह कि 10वीं और 11वीं शताब्दी की इस प्रतिमा में भी वह ऐसे अधोवस्त्र पहने दिखाई देती है कि आज के आधुनिक समाज में भी वह संभव नहीं लगता। इसके अलावा उसका शरीर सौष्ठव ऐसा है कि देखने वाला उसे देखता ही रह जाता है। वह शाल के पेड़ के नीचे खड़े होकर टहनी तोड़ते हुए दिखाई देती है। कुछ विद्वानों ने उसे वृक्ष देवी भी कहा है वर्ष 1985 में उसे फ्रांस की प्रदर्शनी में रखा गया था। तब उसकी कीमत 60 लाख से ज्यादा आंकी गई थी।

 

 
VIDISHA DISTRICT MUSEUM
 

This small district museum is on the site of a massive temple that dates back to the 11C dedicated to Devi. There's a 2C BC statue of Kubera at the entrance. At some point a mosque was built on top of the site destroyed the tower(s) and the floor but there are enough statues and architectural features remaining that make...  
  LOHANGI ( Large rock in the heart of the city)  

Lohangi Pir is a rock formation in Vidisha District that derives its name from Shaykh Jalal Chishti, a saint who was locally known as Lohangi Pir. This small domed building is a tomb, which has two Persian inscriptions on it. One of the inscriptions dates back to 1460 BC, while the other dates back to 1583 BC.

The tank and a large bell-capital dating back to the 1st century BC can be seen on the nearby hill. Near the tomb, there are the remains of a medieval temple that survived as a pillared crypt. These are dedicated to Goddess Annapurna. Sadly this place is poorly maintained and neighbors using it as..
 
  BIJA MANDAL  
Bijamandal, which is popularly known as Vijayamandira Temple, is located in Vidisha, the headquarters of the Vidisha District. Constructed in the 11th century, this temple was destroyed in the year 1682.

After its demolition, Aurangzeb, the Mughal emperor, constructed a mosque called Alamgiri Masjid, at the site. The material of the destroyed temple was used in the construction of this mosque.

Out of all the ruins that can be seen at the site, one of the pillars bears an inscription which suggests that the original temple was dedicated to Goddess Charchika. The same inscription also bears the name of King Naravarman and Goddess Vijaya, after whom the temple is believed to be named.  

A large temple of the late Paramara period, it is believed to have been constructed in the second half of the 11th century. The mosque made using pillars and dating from the 8th and 9th centuries is located on top of the temple plinth.

One pillar of the temple has a devotional inscription of King Naravarman. Many sculptures collected in the
   

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